Recent Issues

Vol.18/2 (2012, December)
Default Prediction for Small-Medium Enterprises in Emerging Market: Evidence from Thailand
Author WANIDA SIRIRATTANAPHONKUN,SULUCK PATTARATHAMMAS
Keywords credit risk model, SMEs, Thailand, MDA, Logit model
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Small-medium enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in the economy worldwide and they normally need to borrow funds from financial institutions. Thus, an accurate credit risk model to predict the probability that these firms might be bankrupt and cannot pay back the loans on time is very crucial. However, the studies based on SME data are very rare especially for those in emerging markets. This study develops the SME models by employing both the Multivariate Discriminant Analysis (MDA) and Logistic Regression Analysis (Logit) model in predicting bankruptcy of SMEs in Thailand. The samples cover the period 2000 – 2010. The result shows that the Logit model gives higher predictive accuracy level at 85.5 percent for out-of-sample test. Moreover, the combined forecasts of bankruptcy firms from both MDA and Logit models could help achieve even higher predictive accuracy level.
Vol.18/2 (2012, December)
An Exploratory Meta-Analysis of Gender Differences in the Evaluation of Advertisements
Author JUNG-CHAE SUH
Keywords Gender Differences, Self vs Others, Visual vs. Verbal, Meta- Analytic Test, Advertising, Brand Attitude, Purchase Intention, Cognitive Resource Matching
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Although some studies have shown gender differences in the evaluation of messages in advertisements, these differences have not been strongly supported by empirical evidence. Using a meta-analytic technique, this study analyzes the effect sizes of the existing studies on this topic to determine which factors vary the results of the studies.. The results of the exploratory analysis for brand attitudes toward advertisements support both the vividness theory and the sex-role and social dominance theories. However, for purchase intentions, the results do not support both theories. Women show more purchase intentions than men in the evaluation of advertisements, regardless of the message type.
Vol.18/1 (2012, June)
The Impact of Horizontal Merger Between Manufacturers on Channel Pricing Behaviors
Author KYUNG JIN KIM, INSEONG SONG
Keywords pricing, channel interaction, horizontal merger, new empirical industrial organization
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This paper studies the impact of a horizontal merger between two manufacturers on channel pricing behaviors. We utilize the new empirical industrial organization approach in which demand and supply side behaviors are derived from economic theories. We apply our model to a market data set obtained from the toilette paper category in which a major merger between Kimberly Clark and Scott happened. We find the impact of the merger on retailer-manufacturer interaction is heterogeneous across manufacturers. The merged manufacturer turns out to become tougher in its pricing. However, we do not find any evidence that the merge makes other manufacturers tougher.
Vol.18/1 (2012, June)
I Will Like It Later But Not Now: The Roles of Temporal Distance and Guilt in Hedonic Product Evaluation
Author KIWAN PARK,YOUNGRONG KIM
Keywords construal level, guilt, hedonic consumption, temporal distance
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How and why does temporal distance influence consumers’ evaluation of future hedonic consumption? Drawing upon the construal level theory, we propose that guilt is a lower-level construal than hedonic pleasure and becomes salient in the immediate versus distant consumption. As such, we hypothesize that consumers evaluate future hedonic consumption less positively as temporal distance becomes smaller. We find that temporal distance influences product evaluation when the product is framed as a hedonic option, but not when it is framed as a utilitarian one (study 1). The effect of temporal distance is mediated by anticipated guilt (study 2).
Vol.18/1 (2012, June)
Markov Model of Word-of-Mouth Effect and Stock Market Participation
Author KUAN-HUI LEE
Keywords Markov chain, Word-of-mouth, pleasure-in-talk, stock market participation
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The question of determinants of participation of stock market has long been a central question to financial economists. Most notably, Hong, Kubik, and Stein (2001) argue that social interactions affects the investment decision of potential stock market investors through two popular channels: word-of-mouth and pleasure-in-talk about stock market. In this paper, I extend Hong et al.’s model of social interactions to incorporate different effects of these two channels on stock market participation, conditioning on current market situation. The idea is intuitive: When potential investors observe current bull (bear) market, word-of-mouth and pleasure-in-talk effect would work positively (negatively) toward stock market participation due to increased number of peers who benefitted (lost their wealth) from bull (bear) market situation. In Markov chain process framework, I model stock market participation depending on current market situation and discuss empirical implications of my model.
Vol.18/1 (2012, June)
A Study on Global Orientation in New Product Development among Small and Medium-Sized Firms
Author INSIK JEONG,JOOYOUNG KWAK,DONG JIN LEE
Keywords Global orientation in new product development, Customer orientation; Long-term focus
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While many small and middle-sized enterprises are entering into emerging markets to satisfy diverse consumer needs, limited attention has been given to global orientation in new product development among these small and middle-sized enterprises in emerging markets. In order to find the antecedents and consequences of this managerial value, we have developed and tested a model of global orientation in new product development among small and middle-sized enterprises. Specifically, we hypothesize that customer orientation and long-term focus have a positive influence on the global orientation among small and middle-sized enterprises, which in turn has a positive effect on performance. Data collected from 482 firms supports the model. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.
Vol.18/1 (2012, June)
An Empirical Assessment of A-Share IPO Under-Pricing in China
Author CHAN-HYUN SOHN,ALBERT K TSUI,FENG ZHANG,ZHAOYONG ZHANG
Keywords Chinese stock market, A-share IPO, Under-pricing
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This paper investigates the under-pricing and long-run performance of 230 A-share IPOs issued in the Chinese markets using comparable firm multiples. We find that A-share IPOs are severely under-valued by issuers and underwriters at the offer, but over-valued by investors on the listing day. Both contribute to the severe under-pricing of IPOs in China. Our findings are robust across stock exchanges, classification of firms, criteria for choosing matching firms; absence of CSRC regulation and B-share market prices, respectively. The results also show that those over-valued IPOs by investors on the listing day under-perform those under-valued IPOs in the long-run.
Vol.18/1 (2012, June)
Corporate Governance, Financial Slack and Firm Performance: A Comparative Study between US and UK
Author SANGHOON LEE
Keywords Corporate Governance, Financial Slack, Organizational Slack, GMM Regression
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This paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between financial slack and firm performance using a large panel data set of the U.S. and the U.K. firms. Conducting dynamic GMM regressions, the empirical analysis finds that there are the negative relationship between slack and performance in the U.S. and the positive relationship in the U.K. These empirical findings support the hypothesis that the relationship between slack and performance differs across corporate governance systems. The novelty of the paper lies in its demonstration of the conclusion on the role of corporate governance in the relationship between slack and performance as well as the fact that we could obtain the result by comparing the two countries—the U.S. and the U.K—that have been regarded as belonging to a single corporate governance system.
Vol.17/2 (2011, December)
Environmental Scanning Behavior of the Top Managers: A Regulatory Focus Model
Author Theresa S. Cho
Keywords Regulatory focus theory, top management teams, managerial cognition, diversity
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Drawing on regulatory focus theory (Higgins 1997), I propose a model of firm’s environmental scanning behavior. Specifically, I explore a firm’s environmental scanning behavior as a function of the motivational mindset of the firm’s top management team. Prior research has shown that diversity of the TMT’s composition has an impact on the firm’s strategic behavior. I take this premise further to suggest that: 1) a TMT’s cognitive diversity is likely to differ in the collective mindset in their degree of promotion- or prevention-focus; 2) this differential mindset is likely to mediate the processing style of the environment, and subsequently differentially drive the firm’s strategic choice.
Vol.17/2 (2011, December)
CEO Inside Debt and Costs of Bank Debt Financing
Author Joong Ho Han
Keywords inside debt, managerial agency, costs of debt, debt contracts, loan terms
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This study examines the role of CEO’s pensions and deferred compensations by exploring their impacts on pricing and non-pricing contract terms of bank loans. CEO’s inside debt, defined as the sum of defined benefit pension and deferred compensations, pays fixed amounts at periodic intervals. We find that higher inside debt holdings significantly reduce both loan rate spreads and demands for collateral. We also find that such effects are particularly pronounced under weak external governance proxied by a degree of anti-takeover defenses. Overall, our results support the idea that debt-like incentives for CEOs increase convergence of interests between managers and creditors.
Seoul Journal of Business
ISSN 1226-9816 (Print)
ISSN 2713-6213 (Online)